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How to reduce pathogen growth in marinades

Used to flavor foods, marinades can add dimension to restaurant recipes. They can also present food safety issues if food handlers do not follow protocol. Here, ServSafe offers insight regarding these topics:

Cross-contamination. Never reuse marinade that’s already been used once. For example, when a food handler removes raw chicken from marinade, he or she should not add more chicken to the leftover solution due to possible pathogen introduction. Wash, rinse and sanitize the container and utensils between each treatment.

Time and temperature controls. Most commercially prepared marinades do not require refrigeration prior to opening. Once the seal has been broken or a housemade batch has been prepared, care for it as you would a TCS food. If a restaurant intends to not refrigerate a marinade with a pH lower than 4.6, the operator must obtain a variance from the local health department and implement a HAACP plan.

When refrigerating raw proteins steeped in marinade, the container should remain covered and positioned below covered, ready-to-eat food. Do not use copper containers, as acids in the marinade may extract the mineral, creating an environment conducive for chemical poisoning. When cooking the marinated protein, hit minimum internal temperatures and time requirements outlined by the Food and Drug Administration to lessen the chance of foodborne illness.

Labeling. If a health inspector arrives at your restaurant, he or she will inquire about the contents of containers chilling in the refrigerator. Clearly label the container with marinade and protein names as well as the time and date prepared.

Also indicate any allergens included in your marinade on back-of-house prep labels and on your menu.

Source Article : http://www.restaurant.org/Manage-My-Restaurant/Food-Nutrition/Food-Safety/How-to-reduce-pathogen-growth-in-marinades

The Difference Between Decaf And Espresso Coffee

Most people are unable to tell the difference between decaf and espresso coffee in a blind taste test. This is particularly true if the coffee is brewed correctly.

There are a couple of methods for extracting the caffeine in coffee. One way is to rinse the coffee with hot water and then to rinse again with methylene chloride. It is a colorless and volatile liquid with a moderately sweet aroma that is widely used as a solvent. Perhaps not the best solution for decaffeinating coffee.

You might not be aware that coffee is already been processed with water on several occasions before it ends up in your cup. In fact, the coffee berry has been rinsed to remove the outer fruit covering when it is first picked. The water actually softens the fruit on the outer layer of the berry.

The green beans are then warmed with either hot water or steam. This opens the pores of the beans which starts the chemical removal of the caffeine in the bean. The beans are then washed again but this time with methylene chloride. It binds with the caffeine and then it is flushed away.

The beans are soaked for several hours in hot water that percolates caffeine into a bath. The addition of methylene chloride is followed after the removal of the beans from the hot water. This chemical bonds with the caffeine in the bean without flushing the flavor components and then they are re-soaked, where re-absorption of the flavor components is accomplished.

Another method for removing caffeine is called the Swiss Method. This is where the beans are soaked in hat water without using the chemical, methylene chloride. The caffeine in this case is removed through the use of activated charcoal which filters the water.

Activated charcoal is relatively pure carbon and is actually the transformed molecular structure of activated charcoal that provides a sizable surface area allowing other molecules to stick to the charcoal.

Unfortunately most manufactures prefer the first method as it is less expensive. However, there is a lot of debate around this issue since some people belief the method actually degrades the taste of the coffee beans.

It has been found that the dark and less acidic roasts actually contain less caffeine as a result of the roasting process.

For the issue regarding taste, the chemical differences are by and large inundated by individual preferences. It seems that a lot of people can easily detect the absence or presence of caffeine as a result of its intrinsically bitter taste. It is only a matter of taste as to whether or not caffeine makes coffee taste good or bad.



How To Use An Ice Cream Scoop - 4 Simple Tips To Using The Disher Scoop

For the average person, getting a scoop of ice cream is all about digging right in the center of the block. Then, slowly but surely work your way around until you see the bottom of the ice cream container. Unfortunately, this is not the proper way to scoop an ice cream. While there clearly is no rocket science to scooping the perfect sphere of ice cream, there are several tips that you may want to consider whenever you want to get your palate cooled with the refreshing taste of ice creamy desserts. Always Use the Correct Utensils

There are several types of ice cream scoops. You can use a mechanical ice cream scoop also known as a disher or one of those single piece simple design ice scoops. In choosing the correct ice cream scoop, always go for a stainless steel scoop as these have the safest profile. They are also the best ice cream scoops for hard ice cream. Sure, anodized aluminum scoops may be great but they do degrade over time especially if you forgot you are not supposed to put them into your dishwasher. Dont use plastic scoops as well since these do contain certain chemicals you simply dont want in your body. Preferably choose an ice cream scoop that is durable, has an excellent good grip handle, sharp edges, and of course, a wide scoop. Make sure to use an ice cream scoop sizes chart to get the correct size disher. Always Warm Your Ice Cream Scoop before Digging In

There are certain ice cream scoops that come with a heat-conductive mechanism to keep the metallic handle warm so the ice cream will not stick. Generally however, the warmth on your palms will not be enough to heat the metal frame so you will still have to run the ice cream scoop under a stream of hot water. You can use your ordinary tap and have it on hot. Or, you can take a bowl and fill it with hot water. Immerse your ice cream scoop for at least 20 to 30 seconds before you dig in. Now, make sure to have your faucet on continuous drip because you will need to rewarm your ice cream scoop every time ice cream begins freezing in the scoop. Warming or heating your ice cream scoop makes it a lot easier to cut and glide through the icy chunk of cream. Work from the Side and Around or in an S-Pattern

Always begin scooping your ice cream from the side of the container. Try to scoop in an S-shaped motion or a circular motion. Try to get round and even scoops. You can make several short passes in the same area instead of long and shallow strokes. Whatever you do resist the temptation of digging right into the center of the ice cream block. Be Quick and Decisive

Make sure to plan your approach. Dont spend a long time forming the perfect spheres because the longer you allow the ice cream scoop stay, you will end up with one gooey mess instead of a firm creamy sphere of ice cream. Always return the ice cream scoop to your hot water cup after one or two scoops. This makes scooping ice creams a lot easier. I have looked around quite a lot since the start of the year at ice cream scoopers for sale and I think this is the probably the best ice cream scoop 2016 so far.

Halogen Oven Cooking

The one thing that most people love about halogen oven cooking is that they don't take up a lot of room in a kitchen. As well you will be able to cook everything in one pot that would normally take up either the oven or all the burners on a conventional stove.

With a halogen oven you will be able to saute, boil, roast or even bake cookies or cakes and you can do it a lot faster than you would if you used a conventional oven. In fact you can use halogen oven recipes you find online or in the recipe book that comes with the oven.

It doesn't have to seem weird that you can now cook an entire dinner in a glass bowl that is plugged into the electric outlet on our kitchen counter. People who have these small appliances swear by them and state that they make their lives easier.

There are halogen ovens for sale on shopping channels, small appliance sections in many stores or even online. They are a very popular way to get a meal from the freezer to the table in only a few short minutes.

Halogen ovens come with a clear glass or heavy duty plastic bowl with a lid containing the halogen bulb and fan. You will be able to choose the temperature and time you wish in order to cook your meal. The recipe book or manual will be able to give you suggested temperatures and times.

So how does a halogen oven work? They use a heating element that converts the electrical energy to a very intense heat. Then the infrared waves are circulated through the bowl with the use of a high performance fan. As a result the food is cooked quickly and your electric bill won't be impacted.

If you have a small kitchen, like to camp or have a summer cottage, the halogen oven is a great appliance to have for cooking a meal. They work especially well when camping or for cottage life when you don't have a conventional oven.

One great thing about halogen oven cooking, is that you can get a lot of food in the bowl. It is fairly easy to cook a medium size turkey or chicken or even a couple of steaks along with some vegetables. With a halogen oven everything gets cooked in one place.

The oven has a couple of wire shelves so you can cook food at difference levels which results in more or less heat on the food. You can add accessories as well, such as an extender ring for larger food when cooking a turkey. Want to bake cookies or a cake? Just use your regular pans although you might need to get the smaller cookie sheet or use a round cake pan.

Whatever you decide to cook in the halogen oven, you will find that it will come out moist and tender since the circulating air keeps the moisture in the food. As well you wont have to turn the meat or vegetables.



Make The Most Of Your Mandolin Kitchen Slicer

When it comes to cooking and preparing meals, we always want to give our best. Thats just the way the mind works. Food brings people together and the better the dishes you serve up, the happier and healthier your relationships will be. But cooking great meals doesnt simply rely on your ability to combine flavours the preparation of your ingredients plays a vital role in the quality of your outcomes.

One of the kitchen essentials you should never overlook is the mandolin kitchen slicer. This one of a kind kitchen innovation is good for a whole host of different functions and become a part of your daily kitchen routine.



How to Use Your Mandolin Kitchen Slicer

1. Salads and Appetizers If you want to give your family or guests a whole hearted effort, you shouldnt overlook the appetizer part of the meal. This will get their appetites going and will have them wanting for more. Using your mandolin kitchen slicer, cut up some cucumbers, potatoes, sweet potatoes, onions, and anything else youd want to add into the mix. Sautee these in olive oil until theyre brown and crunchy. Serve your assorted vegetable chips with a delicious cream cheese dip and youll be sure to catch your diners attention. You can also lay the sautéed veggies in a bed of leafy greens and drizzle with lemon juice and your choice of vinaigrette for a hearty serving of salad.

2. Soups The thing about soup is that it barely has the texture that many other food options offer. Other entrees allow eaters to enjoy the process of chewing, but because soups arent quite as chewable, the enjoyment eaters get from consuming them rely greatly on the taste. By using a kitchen mandolin slicer, you can ensure that your vegetables stay tastier and more flavourful than they would had you chosen to use a standard knife. This will make it possible to bring out the best taste and flavour from your soup concoctions. Make sure you use only the best vegetables available to you to further enhance the soups you create.

3. Main Course Serve your chicken, beef, or fish with thinly sliced portions of vegetables of your choice. You can even opt to bake your meat with a bed of different veggies that are sliced to thin perfection. Using a mandolin kitchen slicer will make it possible for your ingredients to retain their natural textures and flavours something that is usually sacrificed when veggies are cut by hand.

4. Desserts Slice up some fruit with your mandolin kitchen cutter and serve on a plane of snowy white cream. If you really want to take it to the next level, try baking a lemon tart with thinly sliced lemons as the topping. You can also try to cut up fruits like apples, pears, and peaches and fry these to make fritters. Dust off with cinnamon powder and confectioners sugar, and youve got yourself a tasty dessert treat for the entire family to enjoy.

The Advantages Of Having The Best Kitchen Utensils


Cooking is a great hobby because it allows you to provide people with nutritious and delicious dishes. It is also a great way to relieve yourself of stress. Being in front of organic and healthy fruits, vegetables and other ingredients is just pleasing to the eyes. However, the task can be stressful if your kitchen does not have the essential cooking utensils. Among the set of best kitchen utensils that you must acquire are a knife set, measuring cups, cookware set, a cheese grater, salt and pepper mills, mixing bowls, measuring spoons, and others.

Below are the advantages of having a complete set of kitchen tools:

Ensures the Right Taste of the Dishes The different dishes have different tastes. The kinds of ingredients and their measurement hugely affect the taste. For example, when you are cooking beef steak, it wont have that rich, delicious taste if the ingredients are not properly measured. When you are baking cakes, you wont achieve the right consistency and texture if the ingredients such as flour, cornstarch, sugar and others are not properly measured. You wont achieve the right presentation if the ingredients are not properly cut. With these, it is really crucial to have the best kitchen utensils . Makes Preparation of Ingredients Much Easier Cutting ingredients such as vegetables and root crops can be time consuming if your knife is not sharp and is not appropriate for the size of the ingredient to be cut. Thus, it is practical to have a complete set of knives. Utensils such as a cheese grater is also essential in the easier and effective presentation of the dishes. For example, properly grated cheese can really make dishes such as tuna spaghetti more palatable.

Makes Cooking Faster When you are cooking a recipe for a small number of people, having the right size of pot or pan is necessary if you want the ingredients to be cooked properly and quickly. A dish for a small number does not require a big cookware. The more advanced the type of cookware is also helps in the efficient use of heat when cooking food. Now there are also nonstick pots and pans that lessen the messy look and sticking of food to the cookware. Foods that stick to the cookware take a lot of time to remove.

Cooking can be really fun. But without the essential cooking utensils, you can find it tiring and frustrating. Thus, it is necessary that you acquire at least the basic cooking tools in your kitchen.

The Great Halloween Dinner Show

Halloween is often viewed as a time for funand sharing. Its a time when kidsand kids at heartdress up as their favorite characters. Its a time to give candies and treats to those kids who knock at your door.

But have you ever actually thought about how Halloween came about?

A Brief History

For starters, Halloween is derived from the term All Hallows Eve, which denotes that it is the night for celebrating ghouls and souls of every kind. This gave early people the notion that it is a taboo Halloweenand that it should not be celebrated.

But over the years, people figured out that Halloween actually has ancient Christian Roots, more specifically, Samhain Christian Roots. During the Celtic Harvest Festivals, people dressed up and carved pumpkins to celebrate and remember the dearly departedand ask them for guidance to help them cultivate the best crops.

Today, Halloween is basically a time for fun. Kids come in costumes, and those who love the said holiday go and carve pumpkins, turn them into jack-o-lanterns, and decorate their homes with them. Some also play apple bobbing, or visit haunted houses just for the thrill. Others use this time to watch their favorite horror movies, too.

But, aside from fun, could Halloween also be a sophisticated holiday? Well, of course it could beand this is all because of Aalsmeers Halloween Dinner Show!

The Halloween dinnershow

Every October 31, Aalsmeer Showbiz Village turns its famous dinner show into a Halloween-themed one. Onstage, you could watch shows featuring The Grave Digger, and The Baby from Hell dancing along to Michael Jacksons famous Thriller.

Aside from that, there are also shows featuring ventriloquists, and the staff are also dressed up as famous horror movie characters, such as Freddy Kreuger, Dracula, and those crazy, scary zombies that a lot of people love! Surely, it would be a spectacular eveningone that you wouldnt forget for ages!



And of course, apart from the show and the horror, youd be treated to a three-course dinner, glasses of cava, an overflowing Dutch bar with most of the drinks that you needall for your convenience!

Fly to Aaslmeer and Enjoy Halloween!

Forget about trick or treating!

Halloween can be quite unforgettable when done the right way. So, book a flight to Aalsmeer, visit the Showbiz Village, and watch the best Halloween Dinner Show on earth. You certainly wont regret it!